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What is family medicine and why do you need it?

By Gleneagles Hospital Hong Kong Sponsored | 30 July 2020

Whether it is the onset of sudden flu symptoms (knock on wood), excruciating stomach pain, or a mysterious rash on your arm, if you have an unexpected medical need, who should you turn to first? Instead of hopping in a cab to the nearest ER or clinic in a panic and risk getting in the way of more severe emergencies, such situations are best suited for a family doctor, someone who practices family medicine (FM). Here are some of the key benefits of going to a family medicine doctor and why every family should have one saved to their contacts.

What is FM and how it is different from a general practitioner (GP)?

Family medicine (FM) is a medical specialty providing high-quality primary health care services, and FM doctors are usually the first point of contact when a person is seeking medical or healthcare attention. It is hard to fully differentiate FM from GP, as both are primary healthcare providers, but there are some subtle differences.

For example, in FM specialist training, significant emphasis is placed on the continual care and perpetual doctor-patient relationship. Comprehensive and holistic care of different medical problems can be addressed at one stop, and FM doctors foster a greater understanding and managing of clinical problems within their patients’ social context and domains, taking into consideration things like personal belief, family structure and medical history, workplace, or social groups. They will also focus on possible mental health issues, preventive and anticipatory healthcare, and maintain a proper medical record and appropriate liaisons with a variety of specialty and allied healthcare providers.

Why do I need to consult an FM doctor rather than a GP?

A good FM doctor does not just provide episodic medical solutions to you; they should be someone who is people-orientated and can understand you as a person in your illness. FM doctors listen to you and your sufferings, feelings, and worries, not just the symptoms of your illness or disease. Because of their dedicated and continual care to you as a family doctor, they are also generally more caring, attentive, and empathetic. This is valued by most patients, especially at the time of illnesses and sufferings.

Why is a family doctor important to me and my family?

The specific skills of communication and coordination of a family doctor can enhance better clinical outcomes. This is particularly important in certain scenarios, such as chronic illnesses that involve lifestyle changes and mental illnesses where having understanding and support is crucial. Family doctors have experience in the provision of medical support to all stages of life and family cycles, making them ideal to guide families through such challenging times.

But what is the point of having FM in the hospital?

As mentioned before, FM is the provision of primary healthcare in the community. It is an easy misunderstanding that in a hospital, such service is obsolete and only sophisticated high-tech medical facilities are essential. The all-round knowledge and clinical experience of an FM specialist can serve as a good coordinator among the various specialties. They have special training in breaking bad news and alleviating emotional sufferings, which may be unavoidable at times of critical illness and death. They also serve as jump-board to effect successful incorporation of the patient back to the community after recovery.

Which patient(s) or disease(s) require FM?

Frankly, all patients and all diseases require and can benefit from FM. A good family doctor does not just treat a patient for their illnesses; they live the life of recovery with their patient in a friendly yet professional manner. Family doctors can provide their input for a vast variety of clinical encounters.

Here’s a case study of how FM helps:

A 34-year-old engineer comes into the clinic with minimal URI (Upper Respiratory Infection) symptoms. He has a good health record and no chronic illness but his last consultation was two years ago. This is basically the bread and butter of a doctor: A strong individual with no pre-existing health conditions and minimal symptoms. Most doctors can handle the case with a diagnosis, the prescription of medicine, and a sick leave note.

With FM however, the process is different. They will start by understanding more and enquiring, “You haven’t been here for the past two years; it doesn’t seem to be your habit to seek help for minor symptoms. Why is it different today?” Then with the young man replying, “If it weren’t for my baby, I would not have come.” So now the family doctor knows that the patient is worried about spreading the illness to his baby and is looking for a speedy recovery. This key information opens the door to a few more areas of concern than just the alleviation of URI symptoms:

1. Patient’s understanding of simple URI natural disease course, mode of transmission, treatment, etc.

2. Patient’s understanding of the normal development of immunity in a newborn. It is also a good reminder of the vaccination schedule for infants.

3. Proper household hygiene measures to prevent transmission of URI.

4. Warning symptoms in a newborn that will necessitate medical attention.

5. Possible mental stress and related issues when a family is welcoming its first newborn.

Knowing that the patient is an engineer, FM doctors can also tailor their explanation and discuss in more detail about the scientific issues, as he may have more interest in learning about it in this presentation. This is just a simple case of how FM can come into play to encourage a more holistic recovery for almost any type of illness. Putting the health and safety of you and your family at the forefront, Gleneagles Hospital Hong Kong is now offering consultations with their family medicine specialists at just $400 per visit, so there’s no excuse to delay your journey to recovery.

Gleneagles Hospital Hong Kong

A state-of-the-art private hospital committed to providing Hong Kong people with high-quality and accessible healthcare services. It provides 500 beds and a comprehensive range of clinical services spanning more than 35 specialties and subspecialties. Gleneagles is the first private hospital in the city to offer all-inclusive medical packages as part of its efforts to provide price assurance and transparent pricing structure.

1 Nam Fung Path, Wong Chuk Hang

(+852) 3153 9000